Guided reading provides a structured pathway for scholars and teachers to navigate their way towards the standards.

Guided reading is a context in which a teacher supports each reader’s development of effective strategies for processing novel texts at increasingly challenging levels of difficulty.

  • Prefaced by the work of Marie Clay who noted that reading is a process involving problem solving strategies. Scholars must be engaged in reading texts which allow them to solve problems. Guided reading provides this support for scholars.

  • Guided reading meets the needs of all readers, both struggling and independent, through its varied instruction focusing on constructing meaning and understanding of concepts not previously encountered.

  • Guided reading allows for ongoing observation and assessment that informs the teacher’s interactions with individuals in the group and helps the teacher select appropriate texts.

Guided Reading
Strategy Lessons
  • Students practice in instructional-level texts.
  • Students practice in text chosen by teacher.
  • Structure often includes book introduction, reading with coaching, and teaching point(s) or discussion.
  • Small group of students works with the teacher.
  • Combination of explicit and supported instruction used.
  • Teachers coach.
  • Students respond.
  • Students practice in independent-level texts.
  • Students practice in self-selected or teacher assigned texts.
  • Structure includes connection, explicit teaching, active engagement, and a link to students’ reading.
From Teaching Reading in Small Groups by: J. Serravallo